石油化工高等学校学报

石油化工高等学校学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (5): 1-8.DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-396X.2021.05.001

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Mn⁃Zr复合氧化物负载贵金属催化剂的氯乙烯催化燃烧性能

方田(), 高奕吟, 王思雨, 王丽(), 郭耘, 郭杨龙   

  1. 华东理工大学 化学与分子工程学院工业催化所,上海 200237
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-23 修回日期:2021-10-05 出版日期:2021-10-25 发布日期:2021-11-08
  • 通讯作者: 王丽
  • 作者简介:方田(1996⁃),男,硕士研究生,从事催化剂材料设计与制备方面研究;E⁃mail:fangtiandou@foxmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(21976057);上海市科委“科技创新行动计划”(19DZ1208000)

Reaseching on Supported Noble Metals over Mn⁃Zr Composite Oxides for the Catalytic Combustion of Vinyl Chloride

Tian Fang(), Yiyin Gao, Siyu Wang, Li Wang(), Yun Guo, Yanglong Guo   

  1. Research Institute of Industrial Catalysis,School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering,East China University of Science and Technology,Shanghai 200237,China
  • Received:2021-04-23 Revised:2021-10-05 Online:2021-10-25 Published:2021-11-08
  • Contact: Li Wang

摘要:

以共沉淀法制备了Mn?Zr复合氧化物,通过浸渍法引入贵金属(Ru、Pd、Pt),考察了贵金属对于氯乙烯催化燃烧反应性能的影响;并对催化剂的结构和化学状态,氧化还原性能和酸性能,表面酸类型的分布特征进行表征。研究发现,贵金属主要以氧化态的形式存在于催化剂表面,贵金属的引入促进了复合氧化物的还原,从而提高了催化剂的氧化还原性能,同时也提高了催化剂表面酸的总量、改变了表面Br?nsted酸和Lewis酸中心的分布。贵金属引入后,促进了反应性能的提高,使得氯乙烯全转化温度向低温偏移;不同贵金属对于反应促进的效果不同,其中Ru的引入,对于反应的促进效果高于Pd和Pt的引入。Ru/MZ (Ru/Mn0.7Zr0.3Ox)催化剂上氯乙烯转化50%和90%的温度(t50t90)分别为206、243 ℃,比纯复合氧化物催化剂的相应温度向低温偏移69、71 ℃。贵金属引入后也改变了有机含氯副产物的分布并降低了其浓度,Ru/MZ催化剂在t90时的含氯副产物总体积分数为5.7 μL/L,比Mn0.7Zr0.3Ox在相同转化率下的有机氯代副产物体积分数低70%。

关键词: 氯乙烯, 催化燃烧, 贵金属, Mn?Zr氧化物, 含氯副产物

Abstract:

The Mn?Zr composite oxides were prepared by co?precipitation,loading with noble metals(Ru,Pd,Pt) on the surfaces by a following impregnation method.The effects of noble metals on catalytic combustion of vinyl chloride (VC) were further investigated.The structure and chemical state,the oxidation?reduction ability and acidity,the distribution of acid over the noble metal loading catalysts were studied.Noble metals exist in the form of oxidation state on catalyst surface to promote the reduction of Mn?Zr composite oxides and improve the redox ability of the catalysts. In addition,noble metals not only increased total acid amount but also changed the distribution of Br?nsted and Lewis acid centers on catalyst surface.Therefore, the noble metal made the completely VC conversion temperature shift to lower temperature.However,the activities of noble metals for catalytic combustion of VC varied with the kind of noble metal.Among them,Ru had the more positively activity enhancement than that of Pd and Pt.The catalytic temperatures were 206 and 243 °C, when the VC conversion over Ru/MZ(Ru/Mn0.7Zr0.3Ox) reached to 50% (t50) and 90% (t90),respectively,which were 69 and 71 °C lower than that using Mn?Zr composite oxide.Meanwhile,the loading of noble metals also changed the composition of chlorinated by?products and reduced their concentration.The total concentration of chlorinated by?products over Ru/MZ catalyst was only 5.7 μL/L with 90% VC conversion rate,which was 70% lower than MZ composite oxide at the same conversion rate.

Key words: Vinyl chloride, Catalytic combustion, Noble metal, Mn?Zr oxides, Chlorinated by?products

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引用本文

方田, 高奕吟, 王思雨, 王丽, 郭耘, 郭杨龙. Mn⁃Zr复合氧化物负载贵金属催化剂的氯乙烯催化燃烧性能[J]. 石油化工高等学校学报, 2021, 34(5): 1-8.

Tian Fang, Yiyin Gao, Siyu Wang, Li Wang, Yun Guo, Yanglong Guo. Reaseching on Supported Noble Metals over Mn⁃Zr Composite Oxides for the Catalytic Combustion of Vinyl Chloride[J]. Journal of Petrochemical Universities, 2021, 34(5): 1-8.

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